INFECTIOUS PATHOGEN PROCEDURES
The Medical and Athletic Training staff, as a result of the increasing risks involved in the acquiring and spread of the numerous fatal infectious diseases (HIV, hepatitis B, etc.), has adopted the following procedures for dealing with blood and bodily fluid borne pathogens. First, the Universal precautions include:
1. Routine use of barrier precaution to prevent skin & mucous membrane exposure when contact or other bodily fluids is anticipated. Gloves are to be worn when treating or coming in contact with any blood, bloody fluids, mucous membranes or non intact skin (e.g. abrasions, dermatitis) of all athletes, for handling items or surfaces soiled with blood or body fluids. Gloves will be available at all treatment areas and should be changed after contact with each student athlete. Gloves should also be carried and used during competition for the same treatment referred to above.
2. Hands and other skin surfaces should be washed immediately and thoroughly if contaminated with blood or other body fluids. Hands should be washed immediately after gloves are removed.
3. Surfaces contaminated with blood should be cleaned with a solution made to kill bacteria, fungus and virus including HIV.
4. Precautions should be taken to prevent injuries caused by needles, scalpels and other sharp instruments or devices. To prevent needlestick injuries, needles should not be recapped, purposely bent or broken by hand, removed from disposable syringes, or otherwise manipulated by hand.
5. Although saliva has not been implicated in HIV transmission, to minimize the need for emergency mouth to mouth resuscitation, mouthpieces, resuscitation bags or other ventilation devices should be available for use.
6. Health-care workers who have exudative lesions or weeping dermatitis should refrain from all direct patient care until the condition resolves.
7. Blood soiled linen should be bagged and washed in hot water with detergent.
8. In the athletic environment, universal guidelines should be considered in the immediate control of bleeding and when handling bloody dressings, mouth guards and other articles containing bodily fluids
In Addition to Universal Precautions the following will also be precautions procedures:
9. Athletes that have open wounds should have them properly treated and covered.
Furthermore, any dressings that have become saturated with blood, should be changed immediately and redressed as to be approved by medical personnel. All bloody dressings should be disposed of in the appropriate manner as explained in the universal precautions.
10. Educational information will be provided to all incoming athletes to make them more aware of the precautions they should take, as well as new information regarding the spread or acquisition of pathogens, primarily HIV.
11. Inoculations to protect students and staff health care personnel when available (Hepatitis B) will be provided.
12. When uniforms, equipment or padding become blood stained and medical personnel feel that a reasonable threat of pathogen transmission is at risk, the uniform, equipment or padding should be changed as soon as possible.
(NCAA guidelines and recommendations)
These procedures will be ongoing and updated as new research and information becomes available.